Parakeets Mating Guide

How Parakeets Mate-A Complete Guide

Parakeet’s mating may seem like a complicated process until you know how they connect with each other and start to mate. These parakeets complete their mating stages as every other bird do their mating.

Parakeets are owned by many people around the world because of their vivid colors. Although many people consider them as a nuisance. Because they poop everywhere which gives irritation to their owners and their neighbors.

So, How do I know if my Parakeets are mating? Parakeets will do show some signals when they are ready to mate. The female will pour her food back onto her male. Then she will raise her tail as if she calls the male for mating.

Parakeet-An overview


The parakeet is a non-migratory bird having its motherland from Africa and the Asian sub-continent. Usually, they are medium-sized birds with slim and bright colors. They have a long tail at their back. As a matter of fact, the word Parakeet means “Long Tailed”.

They seek everyone’s sight of attention by their bright and vivid colors. This is the major reason why Parakeets are in the top order of people’s favorite pets.

That’s just a short brief about Parakeets. There is a lot more to say about their mating and breeding. In this, we will explain completely about their Parakeet breeding and its gestation period.

Parakeet Breeding Behaviour

Paired Parakeets will show their mood by vivid blue color on their peak in males and chocolate brown colored peak in females. They will begin to rest their peak on others and show their love. 

In this situation giving them a proper bath will help them naturally to get into mating. Male Parakeet will show off his feather by spreading it and shake his head in an attractive way to his mate.

The male Parakeet completes its ceremony by ending it with a chirping song. Female Parakeet will listen to them but won’t accompany males. The female shows her mood by singing pleasant songs.

But this time when female sing our male guy eagerly joins her and shout with her happily.

How Parakeets Make Their Match

Parakeets naturally join their mates at their season. But sometimes people themselves choose Parakeet matches and make them breed. This happens at times when the breeder needs a specific color in bird.

Once you are done with Parakeet mate selecting. Then you leave those Parakeets in a cage to breed. It needs some time to make bond between them. Once they accept their mate then you can expect baby Parakeets within a month.

Once they develop love between them you can see them sitting in a perch position. Then one follows the other wherever it goes and vice-versa.

At a time when you leave only two males or females Parakeets in a cage even, they make a bond between them. And they will begin to pair with each other.

No worries if that was your case you can easily identify them. Budgerigar Parakeets are sexually dimorphic in nature. So, you can easily identify differences between males and females.

In males, the cere part in its peak will be blue while it’s pink or brown colored in females. Only this difference is enough to sort this problem out.

Parakeet’s Mature Timing

After enclosing them in their cages if you see no action between them. It means they aren’t physically and mentally ready for mating. They may be too young to start mating. If youngness is not the case they’ll be too old for mating process.

Generally, Parakeets come to maturity after a year from their birth. It’s even easier to find maturity in females. If the female’s cere is browned then it’s sure that female is ready to start mating with male.

All set both male and female are in correct maturity but mating doesn’t happen. When one encounters this condition it means they opt to be celibate. This is caused due to suppressed hormones. Either this may be a permanent or temporary state.

A female Parakeet, physically able to breed when they complete half-year from their birth. But it’s not safe for them to breed at this age. At this age, they could fulfill their offspring’s nutrition requirements. So the chance of yielding defective offspring is very high.

These Parakeets, breed until the age of 6 for males and 4-5 for females. So, without any rush let them breed naturally.

Breeding Seasons

They breed only at particular seasons as same like other birds. These birds are very consistent ones and they only breed at their favorable circumstances. During spring and summer seasons these birds will become more active and start to involve in breeding.

These two seasons summer and wet spring are more dominant in the northern USA than in other seasons. So, Parakeets make use of them and breed there throughout the year. Having this as an advantage many breeders in that area develop their breeding business.

From the breeding season, we could know that these birds are activated by sunlight. So, by providing artificial light we could activate them to make breeding. From the sunlight, they get vitamin D which is very important for Parakeets to breed.

They need sunlight for more than 12 hours a day during their breeding time. Sad to say, they couldn’t get enough vitamin D from the sunlight that will be available for them naturally. No problem, Inventions are getting more day by day. Suitable lights for Parakeet mating are available in stores.

Breeding Framework

Parakeet owners doesn’t become breeders on their own. Their ever-growing population makes them from parakeet enthusiasts to professional breeders. Under apt circumstances, they breed healthy and increase their family easily.

As I mentioned earlier they breed only when environmental condition suits them from all POV. Breeding cages should be set up in a way that encourages Parakeet breeding. The following is the breeding cage measurement and setup for a normal breeding Parakeet.

Breeding Birdcage Requirements

  • Atleast as cage of 25 x 15 x 15 (L,B,H) in measurements.
  • Cage should have more than two perches(makes birds feel comfortable)
  • Should have two openings one for the birds and another for your hands to get in. 
  • A mineral block (effective in providing essential nutrients and trims birds peaks).
  • Sprinkle some seeds and grain if possible use a bowl to feed them with some water.
  • A cuttlefish bone (effective mean for calcium). Female craves for calcium food while breeding.
  • Nesting box is must. This acts as a place to lay their eggs and make them hatch.

Breeding Box or Nest Box

Parakeets Breed Box

Like safe for a bank, a Breeding box for birdcage is very important. This is the place where this bird is meant to lay their gold(eggs). So, proper care must be taken while setting up the Nest box. They should be strong enough to hold their weight with eggs.

Different sized nesting boxes are available for different sized and aged birds. Choosing a breed box specifically made for Parakeet will make them feel more comfortable and increases their egg count.

Generally, a Nest box is made up of wood. Woods are good insulators and they won’t allow any heat through them. The box should be spacious and should be enough for two birds to stay. Considering space, a rectangular-shaped framework will work for them.

There should be a circular bowl-shaped floor. Laid eggs could be made to rest on them. Make sure the box has a lid-like opening above them. It’ll be very helpful while bringing the eggs out. This reduces the probability of egg breakage while handling.

You should monitor the nest regularly for new hatchlings. Because they could be harmed by their mother unknowingly. They are newborn infants and their body bones could be deformed easily. This deformation affects the newborn’s lifespan. So, proper care must be taken.

Now complete with nest setup but what material should we use?

Nesting Material

Choosing Nesting material should be done correctly. Because materials that don’t go well with Parakeet can cause problems in their breeding. Even their egg-laying capacity and hatching probability could be affected.

Proper care is required while choosing the egg-holder or nestling material. So, what are the good materials that can be used for Nestling Boxes? Parakeets go well aspen shaving and shredded newspaper. Aspen shaving could be used without any reluctance when available.

They don’t like their home to be filled with extra items. Even they don’t like all these nestling materials and push them out at first. But be calm they are innocent birds and they don’t recognize your hard work to it. With patience put the material back into it.

Lighting Configuration

Light acts as an important factor in Parakeet breeding. As I mentioned earlier lights activate them for breeding. As long as you increase the lighting time they more actively involve in breeding and produce more vibrant offspring.

So, solidly they require 12 hours of light for their breeding. Mostly we can optimize sunlight for our needs. But at times when sunlight isn’t available, we can go with artificial spectrums.

This sunlight not only activates birds for breeding they also provide vitamin D as I already said. Vitamin D helps for the growth of hard eggshells and strong bones.

Feeding and Diet

Parakeets like to eat seed mixes with any grains. Some many like to eat fresh plants and sprouts and mineral blocks. That’s it their diet chart is ready. They like millets very much when compared with others.

Different Parakeets love different cereals. So, don’t confuse with their diet just feed them with seed mixes. That’s enough to satisfy their hunger. These birds don’t urge to eat even that’s top of their favorite. They eat every single grain with consciousness.

More than pets they are animals. They naturally have their involuntary fear of predators. They eat many times a day. It’s important that you fill their food bowls every morning. This could increase the pet-breeder bond between both.

Budgreiger Diet

What items should you include in Breeding Parakeet Diet? Plenty of clean water, organic and fresh foods, Chopped eggs, High-quality seed, and pellet mixes.

  1. Ample Amount Of Sufficient Water: The water will be dirtied easily in bird cages. When the birds dip their leg unknowing all the dust from its leg mix with water. And there is more chance of getting the water to be contaminated. So, water should be replaced frequently. At least four times a day.
  2. Fresh, Organic Leaves and Fruits: We recommend broccoli, peas, carrots, steamed sweet potatos, corn, and apples to feed them. They are nutritionally best picks for your Parakeets.
  3. Chopped Eggs: Everybody knows egg is a protein factory. The easiest way to gain protein is from eggs. Include chopped eggs with their shells too in your diet chart for Parakeets. These shells are also rich in calcium like the cuttlefish bones.
  4. High-Quality Seeds, and Pellet Mixes: Every bird that grown as a pet will love seeds and pellets. Because we regularly feed them and they get habit to it. However, when compared both pellets are nutritious than seeds. It’s advisable to feed more pellets than seed grains.

How do Parakeets mate?

Parakeets Do Mating

After completing all these setups leave them alone and stop all other techniques you follow till now. All their surroundings condition will make them start mating process.

The female does the perch position by raising their and male Parakeet make its sperm deposition on female’s back. They continuously do this process until they feel bored. This process happens often in a day. So as an outcome she regularly lays eggs daily.

As I said to discontinue all techniques you follow, don’t let them die by emptying their tray. Feed them regularly as usual with fresh food and water. Remember don’t forget to change the water as they will be contaminated easily from harmful bacterias.

At a single time, female Parakeets can lay four to five eggs as maximum.#video

Incubation Process

Incubation is the process where the birds lay on their laid egg till they hatch into babies. After laying their eggs at a rate of four to five per day.

Females begun to start their incubation process. They start to lay on the eggs for the whole day till they hatch. Usually, Parakeets hatchlings hatch out of their shells in 18 days or more(usually one or two).

Fertility Check

Parakeet eggs.

When you need to find the exact count of little parakeets at the end of their breeding, you can find it out by checking the fertility of the egg. People also check the fertility of eggs to dispose of them as early as possible.

Because these unfertile eggs after 18 days will rot and gives an unpleasant odor. Imagine you accidentally break one of its kind. Can’t imagine right? So, to overcome these problems we check fertility of eggs.

How to check eggs fertility? Gently pick up the egg. Get a flashlight, turn it on and make the light pass through the egg. You could see the light casts the shadows of the embryo when seen from another side. If the embryo looks like a yellow colored and a red line pass through them that’s fertile. If no red lines then they won’t hatch.

After checking carefully dispose of those unfertile eggs and show your care to the live ones. Don’t check egg fertility frequently. Our hand touch may make the female leave their eggs. She feels like that those eggs don’t belong to her and leave them without any incubation process.

Welcome Baby Parakeets

Hard work never fails…! After all these many days of securing, feeding, and providing suitable environment baby chicks hatch out of the shells and walk.

When it’s your first set of baby chicks then you know the happiness in seeing them. Now, you have two choices for that babies.

Either you hand-feed them grow them on your own or let their parents grow their chicks.

Hand Feeding

After so much confusion you choose to hand-feed your baby Parakeets. It’s easy to choose but remember they are just infants. They should be treated accordingly.

There can two reasons why you go for hand-feeding. One is more number chicks and their mother can’t feed them accordingly. If this is your case then you can feed the chick once or twice daily and make female take more care of younger ones.

The second reason is the female isolates its chick for some reason and doesn’t feed them correctly. If this is your case then follow these steps.

We should take the birds for hand-feeding only after 20-25 days from their hatch. Because it some time to develop organs and body parts required for hand-feeding.

After getting them from their mother, these chicks should be kept warm artificially until their feathers develop. A brooder or nursery box is good with it’s nesting box.

They should be kept dark, warm, and should be fed for every 4 hours. There are many formulas available in stores to feed infant birds. Use a small syringe to feed them. Inject the formula into their crops until they become empty.

They must be feed with warm food at a temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit. Ensure the warmness of the food twice before feeding. 

Tips For Hand-Feeding:

  1. It’s easier to feed them if the chick co-operates with you.
  2. Now in feeding, slowly syringe the formula into the back of its mouth. Make sure you make the chick feel comfortable. Don’t over press the chick head while feeding as slight deformation could happen when doing so.
  3. Make sure you avoid overflow of formula over its mouth. As they can choke them to death. Be careful while feeding.
  4. After feeding clean their body parts and rub their chest with some warm water. It can make their food digest easily than normal.
  5. After completing feeding throw the uneaten formula. Place the chicks in their incubators and do the same after four hours.

Parent Care

Many Parakeeting breeders let the chicks to be handled by their parents. As they are the only things that can handle them and feed them with love and care.

Usually, female feeds the chick and the females will be fed by their males.

Feeding The Chicks

This feeding should be done either you leave it for parent care or hand-feeding. These chicks will be in growth phase and they must be feed with enough vitamins and nutrients for their growth. 

So, these nutrients can’t be fulfilled only by their parents. We too should feed them. Some food varieties that you must try feed them

  • Feed them broken millets as they could train themselves in breaking seeds.
  • Make them to learn nibble by throwing broken pellets on the ground.
  • Once the chick learns to eat all these, then next move on to vegetables, sprouts, eggs, etc…

End Their Breeding

Parakeets don’t stop their breeding process until they get bored. This could even lead to female’s death. So, it’s necessary to stop their breeding before they stop their breathing.

Allow breeding until a female produces up to 10 eggs. After this range, we should stop their breeding. Because we’re the ones who initiated their breeding. Only we can stop them.

Some tips to end Parakeets breeding are

Limit Lighting

As lighting is the main factor that activates their mood and initiates them to breed. Cut the artificial lightings and make them stay under normal conditions.

Or just make the birds stay in dark for four to five hours. And then show them sunlight.

Remove Breeding or Nesting Box

By removing the Nesting Box which acts as a place to lay their eggs, you can reduce their breeding. The female doesn’t find an appropriate place to lay their eggs.

The female lays eggs only if it finds an ideal place to lay them. Until they find their place for eggs they won’t involve in breeding.

Isolate the Pair 

This is the easiest way to stop breeding. If nothing stops them from breeding then without any reluctance isolate the pair and make them separate.

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